Strategies to improve the uptake of effective contraception in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents
|Nadia Kancheva Landolt|
|Pope K Kosalaraksa|
AbstractObjective: To assess strategies to improve safe-sex practices in sexually active female adolescents living with HIV, through linking reproductive health (RH) care with HIV care. Methods: A single arm, 48-week prospective study was conducted with 77 sexually active adolescents in five sites in Thailand. Guided RH education was carried out through video, brochures and individual counselling. Participants were offered free effective contraception (EC), in addition to a barrier method (dual contraception) versus barrier method only. Changes in EC use were assessed with McNemar‘s test; predicting factors with logistic regression. Results: Median age was 19 years; 95% were perinatally infected; 30% had been pregnant. All but one showed RH-knowledge improvement after RH education. Individual counselling was most often rated the ‘most helpful’ educational method. At the screening visit 21% were using dual contraception; 53% a male condom only; 8% EC method only; and 18% were not using any contraceptive method. Dual-contraception use improved with time, reaching 74% at week 48. EC-use at the baseline visit was associated with having ever used EC prior to study entry (P<0.0001), and the study site (P<0.0001). Having ever used EC was associated with a history of pregnancy (P=0.0085) and forced sex (P=0.0386). Conclusion: Offering continuous RH care, linked with HIV care, resulted in increased use of dual contraception. Healthcare providers played a significant role in the process. RH education should address the main predictors for EC use by adolescents, including past, personal experience.
HIV cure research